¡No estamos solos: Jesús está cerca de nosotros! El Papa en el Regina Coeli

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Domingo-1 de mayo 2016

¡Queridos  hermanos y hermanas, buenos días!

El Evangelio de hoy nos vuelve a llevar al Cenáculo. Durante la Última Cena, antes de enfrentar a la pasión y la muerte en la cruz, Jesús promete a los Apóstoles el don del Espíritu Santo, que tendrá la tarea de enseñar y de recordar sus palabras a la comunidad de los discípulos. Lo dice el mismo Jesús: « El Paráclito, el Espíritu Santo, que el Padre enviará en mi Nombre, les enseñará todo y les recordará lo que les he dicho» (Jn 14,26). ).  Enseñar y recordar. Y esto es aquello que hace el Espíritu Santo en nuestros corazones.

En el momento en el que está por regresar al Padre, Jesús preanuncia la venida del Espíritu que ante todo enseñará  a los discípulos a comprender cada vez más plenamente el Evangelio, a acogerlo en su existencia y a hacerlo vivo y operante con el testimonio. Mientras está por confiar a los Apóstoles – que justamente  quiere decir “enviados” –  la misión de llevar el anuncio del Evangelio por todo el mundo, Jesús promete que no se quedarán solos: el  Espíritu Santo, el Paráclito, estará con ellos, a su lado, es más, estará en ellos, para defenderlos y sostenerlos. Jesús regresa al Padre pero continúa acompañando y enseñando a sus discípulos mediante el don del Espíritu Santo.

El segundo aspecto de la misión del Espíritu Santo consiste en el ayudar a los Apóstoles a recordar las palabras de Jesús. El  Espíritu tiene la tarea de despertar la memoria, recordar las palabras de Jesús. El divino Maestro ha comunicado ya todo aquello que pretendía confiar a los Apóstoles: con Él, Verbo encarnado, la revelación es completa. El Espíritu hará recordar las enseñanzas de Jesús en las diversas circunstancias concretas de la vida, para poderlas poner en práctica. Es precisamente lo que sucede todavía hoy en la Iglesia, guiada por la luz y la fuerza del Espíritu Santo, para que pueda llevar a todos el don de la salvación, o sea el amor y la misericordia de Dios. Por ejemplo, cuando ustedes leen todos los días – como les he aconsejado – un pasaje del Evangelio, pedir al Espíritu Santo: “Que yo entienda y que yo recuerde estas palabras de Jesús”. Y luego leer el pasaje, todos los días… Pero antes aquella oración al Espíritu, que está en nuestro corazón: “Que yo recuerde y que yo entienda”.

¡No estamos solos: Jesús está cerca de nosotros, en medio de nosotros, dentro de nosotros! Su nueva presencia en la historia ocurre mediante el don del Espíritu Santo, por medio del cual es posible instaurar una relación viva con Él, el Crucificado Resucitado. El Espíritu, difundido en nosotros con los sacramentos del Bautismo y de la Confirmación, actúa  en nuestra vida. Él nos guía en la forma de pensar, de actuar, de distinguir qué cosa es buena y qué cosa es mala; nos ayuda a practicar la caridad de Jesús, su donarse a los  demás, especialmente a los más necesitados.

¡No estamos solos! Y la señal de la presencia del Espíritu Santo es también la paz que Jesús dona a sus discípulos: «Les doy mi paz» (v. 27). Ella es diferente de aquella que los hombres se desean e  intentan realizar. La paz de Jesús brota de la victoria sobre el pecado, sobre el egoísmo que nos impide amarnos como hermanos. Es don de Dios y señal de su presencia. Todo discípulo, llamado hoy a seguir a Jesús cargando la cruz, recibe en sí la paz del Crucificado Resucitado en la seguridad de su victoria y en la espera de su definitiva venida.

Que la Virgen María nos ayude a acoger con docilidad el Espíritu Santo como Maestro interior y como Memoria viva de Cristo en el camino cotidiano.

Pope Francis’ Apostolic Exhortation on The Joy of Love

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Amoris Laetitia: On Love in the Family

 

It is not by chance that Amoris Laetitia (AL), “The Joy of Love”, the post-synodal Apostolic Exhortation “on Love in the Family”,was signed on 19 March, the Solemnity of Saint Joseph. It brings together the results of the two Synods on the family convoked by Pope Francis in 2014 and 2015. It often cites their Final Reports; documents and teachings of his Predecessors; and his own numerous catecheses on the family. Read more

Amoris Laetitia (la alegría del amor)

e4f2b11b_5c06_41fd_96a1_0bddad7a2cf3Amoris Laetitia (la alegría del amor) un documento sobre el amor en la familia

1. La alegría del amor que se vive en las familias es también el júbilo de la Iglesia. Como han indicado los Padres sinodales, a pesar de las numerosas señales de crisis del matrimonio, «el deseo de familia permanece vivo, especialmente entre los jóvenes, y esto motiva a la Iglesia»[1]. Como respuesta a ese anhelo «el anuncio cristiano relativo a la familia es verdaderamente una buena noticia»[2].

2. El camino sinodal permitió poner sobre la mesa la situación de las familias en el mundo actual, ampliar nuestra mirada y reavivar nuestra conciencia sobre la importancia del matrimonio y la familia. Al mismo tiempo, la complejidad de los temas planteados nos mostró la necesidad de seguir profundizando con libertad algunas cuestiones doctrinales, morales, espirituales y pastorales. La reflexión de los pastores y teólogos, si es fiel a la Iglesia, honesta, realista y creativa, nos ayudará a encontrar mayor claridad. Los debates que se dan en los medios de comunicación o en publicaciones, y aun entre ministros de la Iglesia, van desde un deseo desenfrenado de cambiar todo sin suficiente reflexión o fundamentación, a la actitud de pretender resolver todo aplicando normativas generales o derivando conclusiones excesivas de algunas reflexiones teológicas.

3. Recordando que el tiempo es superior al espacio, quiero reafirmar que no todas las discusiones doctrinales, morales o pastorales deben ser resueltas con intervenciones magisteriales. Naturalmente, en la Iglesia es necesaria una unidad de doctrina y de praxis, pero ello no impide que subsistan diferentes maneras de interpretar algunos aspectos de la doctrina o algunas consecuencias que se derivan de ella. Esto sucederá hasta que el Espíritu nos lleve a la verdad completa (cf. Jn 16,13), es decir, cuando nos introduzca perfectamente en el misterio de Cristo y podamos ver todo con su mirada. Además, en cada país o región se pueden buscar soluciones más inculturadas, atentas a las tradiciones y a los desafíos locales, porque «las culturas son muy diferentes entre sí y todo principio general […] necesita ser inculturado si quiere ser observado y aplicado»[3].

4. De cualquier manera, debo decir que el camino sinodal ha contenido una gran belleza y ha brindado mucha luz. Agradezco tantos aportes que me han ayudado a contemplar los problemas de las familias del mundo en toda su amplitud. El conjunto de las intervenciones de los Padres, que escuché con constante atención, me ha parecido un precioso poliedro, conformado por muchas legítimas preocupaciones y por preguntas honestas y sinceras. Por ello consideré adecuado redactar una Exhortación apostólica postsinodal que recoja los aportes de los dos recientes Sínodos sobre la familia, agregando otras consideraciones que puedan orientar la reflexión, el diálogo o la praxis pastoral y, a la vez, ofrezcan aliento, estímulo y ayuda a las familias en su entrega y en sus dificultades.

5. Esta Exhortación adquiere un sentido especial en el contexto de este Año Jubilar de la Misericordia. En primer lugar, porque la entiendo como una propuesta para las familias cristianas, que las estimule a valorar los dones del matrimonio y de la familia, y a sostener un amor fuerte y lleno de valores como la generosidad, el compromiso, la fidelidad o la paciencia. En segundo lugar, porque procura alentar a todos para que sean signos de misericordia y cercanía allí donde la vida familiar no se realiza perfectamente o no se desarrolla con paz y gozo.

6. En el desarrollo del texto, comenzaré con una apertura inspirada en las Sagradas Escrituras, que otorgue un tono adecuado. A partir de allí, consideraré la situación actual de las familias en orden a mantener los pies en la tierra. Después recordaré algunas cuestiones elementales de la enseñanza de la Iglesia sobre el matrimonio y la familia, para dar lugar así a los dos capítulos centrales, dedicados al amor. A continuación destacaré algunos caminos pastorales que nos orienten a construir hogares sólidos y fecundos según el plan de Dios, y dedicaré un capítulo a la educación de los hijos. Luego me detendré en una invitación a la misericordia y al discernimiento pastoral ante situaciones que no responden plenamente a lo que el Señor nos propone, y por último plantearé breves líneas de espiritualidad familiar.

7. Debido a la riqueza de los dos años de reflexión que aportó el camino sinodal, esta Exhortación aborda, con diferentes estilos, muchos y variados temas. Eso explica su inevitable extensión. Por eso no recomiendo una lectura general apresurada. Podrá ser mejor aprovechada, tanto por las familias como por los agentes de pastoral familiar, si la profundizan pacientemente parte por parte o si buscan en ella lo que puedan necesitar en cada circunstancia concreta. Es probable, por ejemplo, que los matrimonios se identifiquen más con los capítulos cuarto y quinto, que los agentes de pastoral tengan especial interés en el capítulo sexto, y que todos se vean muy interpelados por el capítulo octavo. Espero que cada uno, a través de la lectura, se sienta llamado a cuidar con amor la vida de las familias, porque ellas «no son un problema, son principalmente una oportunidad»[4].

Capítulo primero
A LA LUZ DE LA PALABRA

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The walk to Emmaus

The walk to Emmaus (Luke 13-34)

 

para venta 248.jpgNow that very day two of them were going to a village seven miles from Jerusalem called Emmaus,  and they were conversing about all the things that had occurred.15 And it happened that while they were conversing and debating, Jesus himself drew near and walked with them, but their eyes were prevented from recognizing him.  He asked them, “What are you discussing as you walk along?” They stopped, looking downcast.

One of them, named Cleopas, said to him in reply, “Are you the only visitor to Jerusalem who does not know of the things that have taken place there in these days?” And he replied to them, “What sort of things?” They said to him, “The things that happened to Jesus the Nazarene, who was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people, how our chief priests and rulers both handed him over to a sentence of death and crucified him.

But we were hoping that he would be the one to redeem Israel; and besides all this, it is now the third day since this took place.22 Some women from our group, however, have astounded us: they were at the tomb early in the morning23 and did not find his body; they came back and reported that they had indeed seen a vision of angels who announced that he was alive. Then some of those with us went to the tomb and found things just as the women had described, but him they did not see.”

And he said to them, “Oh, how foolish you are! How slow of heart to believe all that the prophets spoke! Was it not necessary that the Messiah should suffer these things and enter into his glory?”  Then beginning with Moses and all the prophets, he interpreted to them what referred to him in all the scriptures.

As they approached the village to which they were going, he gave the impression that he was going on farther. But they urged him, “Stay with us, for it is nearly evening and the day is almost over.

” So he went in to stay with them.  And it happened that, while he was with them at table, he took bread, said the blessing, broke it, and gave it to them.31 With that their eyes were opened and they recognized him, but he vanished from their sight. Then they said to each other, “Were not our hearts burning (within us) while he spoke to us on the way and opened the scriptures to us?”

So they set out at once and returned to Jerusalem where they found gathered together the eleven and those with them who were saying, “The Lord has truly been raised and has appeared to Simon!”

Urbi et Orbi 2016-Pope Francis

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He is Risen

 

 

Easter Sunday, 27 March 2016

“O give thanks to the Lord, for he is good, for his mercy endures for ever”  (Ps 135:1)

Dear Brothers and Sisters, Happy Easter!

Jesus Christ, the incarnation of God’s mercy, out of love for us, died on the cross, and out of love he rose again from the dead.  That is why we proclaim today: Jesus is Lord!

His resurrection fulfils the prophecy of the Psalm: God’s mercy endures for ever; it never dies.  We can trust him completely, and we thank him because for our sake he descended into the depths of the abyss.

Before the spiritual and moral abysses of mankind, before the chasms that open up in hearts and provoke hatred and death, only an infinite mercy can bring us salvation.  Only God can fill those chasms with his love, prevent us from falling into them and help us to continue our journey together towards the land of freedom and life.

The glorious Easter message, that Jesus, who was crucified is not here but risen (cf. Mt 28:5-6), offers us the comforting assurance that the abyss of death has been bridged and, with it, all mourning, lamentation and pain (cf. Rev 21:4).  The Lord, who suffered abandonment by his disciples, the burden of an unjust condemnation and shame of an ignominious death, now makes us sharers of his immortal life and enables us to see with his eyes of love and compassion those who hunger and thirst, strangers and prisoners, the marginalized and the outcast, the victims of oppression and violence.  Our world is full of persons suffering in body and spirit, even as the daily news is full of stories of brutal crimes which often take place within homes, and large-scale armed conflicts which cause indescribable suffering to entire peoples.

The risen Christ points out paths of hope to beloved Syria, a country torn by a lengthy conflict, with its sad wake of destruction, death, contempt for humanitarian law and the breakdown of civil concord.  To the power of the risen Lord we entrust the talks now in course, that good will and the cooperation of all will bear fruit in peace and initiate the building of a fraternal society respectful of the dignity and rights of each citizen.  May the message of life, proclaimed by the Angel beside the overturned stone of the tomb, overcome hardened hearts and promote a fruitful encounter of peoples and cultures in other areas of the Mediterranean and the Middle East, particularly in Iraq, Yemen and Libya.  May the image of the new man, shining on the face of Christ, favour concord between Israelis and Palestinians in the Holy Land, as well as patience, openness and daily commitment to laying the foundations of a just and lasting peace through direct and sincere negotiations.  May the Lord of life also accompany efforts to attain a definitive solution to the war in Ukraine, inspiring and sustaining initiatives of humanitarian aid, including the liberation of those who are detained.

The Lord Jesus, our peace (Eph 2:14), by his resurrection triumphed over evil and sin. May he draw us closer on this Easter feast to the victims of terrorism, that blind and brutal form of violence which continues to shed blood in different parts of the world, as in the recent attacks in Belgium, Turkey, Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon, and Côte d’Ivoire.  May he water the seeds of hope and prospects for peace in Africa; I think in particular of Burundi, Mozambique, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and South Sudan, marked by political and social tensions.

With the weapons of love, God has defeated selfishness and death.  His son Jesus is the door of mercy wide open to all.  May his Easter message be felt ever more powerfully by the beloved people of Venezuela in the difficult conditions which they are experiencing, and by those responsible for the country’s future, that everyone may work for the common good, seeking spaces of dialogue and cooperation with all.  May efforts be made everywhere to promote the culture of counter, justice and reciprocal respect, which alone can guarantee the spiritual and material welfare of all people.

The Easter message of the risen Christ, a message of life for all humanity, echoes down the ages and invites us not to forget those men and women seeking a better future, an ever more numerous throng of migrants and refugees – including many children – fleeing from war, hunger, poverty and social injustice.  All too often, these brothers and sisters of ours meet along the way with death or, in any event, rejection by those who could offer them welcome and assistance.  May the forthcoming World Humanitarian Summit not fail to be centred on the human person and his or her dignity, and to come up with policies capable of assisting and protecting the victims of conflicts and other emergencies, especially those who are most vulnerable and all those persecuted for ethnic and religious reasons.

On this glorious day, “let the earth rejoice, in shining splendour” (cf. Easter Proclamation), even though it is so often mistreated and greedily exploited, resulting in an alteration of natural equilibria.  I think especially of those areas affected by climate change, which not infrequently causes drought or violent flooding, which then lead to food crises in different parts of the world.

Along with our brothers and sisters persecuted for their faith and their fidelity to the name of Christ, and before the evil that seems to have the upper hand in the life of so many people, let us hear once again the comforting words of the Lord: “Take courage; I have conquered the world! (Jn 16:33).  Today is the radiant day of this victory, for Christ has trampled death and destruction underfoot.  By his resurrection he has brought life and immortality to light (cf. 2 Tim 1:10).  “He has made us pass from enslavement to freedom, from sadness to joy, from mourning to jubilation, from darkness to light, from slavery to redemption.  Therefore let us acclaim in his presence: Alleluia!” (Melito of Sardis, Easter Homily).

To those in our society who have lost all hope and joy in life, to the elderly who struggle alone and feel their strength waning, to young people who seem to have no future, to all I once more address the words of the Risen One: “See, I am making all things new… To the thirsty I will give water as a gift from the spring of the water of life” (Rev 21:5-6).  May this comforting message of Jesus help each of us to set out anew with greater courage to blaze trails of reconciliation with God and with all our brothers and sisters.

HOLY SATURDAY-Today a great silence reigns on earth

 Christ Descended into Hell

“For Christ also suffered for sins once, the righteous for the sake of the unrighteous, that he might lead you to God. Put to death in the flesh, he was brought to life in the spirit. 19 In it he also went to preach to the spirits in prison, 20 who had once been disobedient while God patiently waited in the days of Noah during the building of the ark, in which a few persons, eight in all, were saved through water.”

( 1 Peter)

Jesus “descended into the lower parts of the earth. He who descended is he who also ascended far above all the heavens.”(475) The Apostles’ Creed confesses in the same article Christ’s descent into hell and his Resurrection from the dead on the third day, because in his Passover it was precisely out of the depths of death that he made life spring forth:

The frequent New Testament affirmations that Jesus was “raised from the dead” presuppose that the crucified one sojourned in the realm of the dead prior to his resurrection.(477) This was the first meaning given in the apostolic preaching to Christ’s descent into hell: that Jesus, like all men, experienced death and in his soul joined the others in the realm of the dead. But he descended there as Saviour, proclaiming the Good News to the spirits imprisoned there.(478)

Scripture calls the abode of the dead, to which the dead Christ went down, “hell” – Sheol in Hebrew or Hades in Greek – because those who are there are deprived of the vision of God.(479) Such is the case for all the dead, whether evil or righteous, while they await the Redeemer: which does not mean that their lot is identical, as Jesus shows through the parable of the poor man Lazarus who was received into “Abraham’s bosom”:(480) “It is precisely these holy souls, who awaited their Saviour in Abraham’s bosom, whom Christ the Lord delivered when he descended into hell.”(481) Jesus did not descend into hell to deliver the damned, nor to destroy the hell of damnation, but to free the just who had gone before him.(482)

“The gospel was preached even to the dead.”(483) The descent into hell brings the Gospel message of salvation to complete fulfilment. This is the last phase of Jesus’ messianic mission, a phase which is condensed in time but vast in its real significance: the spread of Christ’s redemptive work to all men of all times and all places, for all who are saved have been made sharers in the redemption.

Christ, that Morning Star, who came back from the dead, and shed his peaceful light on all mankind, your Son who lives and reigns for ever and ever. Amen.(476)

Christ went down into the depths of death so that “the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live.”(484) Jesus, “the Author of life”, by dying destroyed “him who has the power of death, that is, the devil, and (delivered) all those who through fear of death were subject to lifelong bondage.”(485) Henceforth the risen Christ holds “the keys of Death and Hades”, so that “at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth.”(486)

Today a great silence reigns on earth, a great silence and a great stillness. A great silence because the King is asleep. The earth trembled and is still because God has fallen asleep in the flesh and he has raised up all who have slept ever since the world began. . . He has gone to search for Adam, our first father, as for a lost sheep. Greatly desiring to visit those who live in darkness and in the shadow of death, he has gone to free from sorrow Adam in his bonds and Eve, captive with him – He who is both their God and the son of Eve. . . “I am your God, who for your sake have become your son. . . I order you, O sleeper, to awake. I did not create you to be a prisoner in hell. Rise from the dead, for I am the life of the dead.”(487)

(CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH 631-635)

 

 

O Cross of Christ!- Pope Francis

Stations of the Cross of Good Friday

Coliseum – 2016

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O Cross of Christ!

O Cross of Christ, symbol of divine love and of human injustice, icon of the supreme sacrifice for love and of boundless selfishness even unto madness, instrument of death and the way of resurrection, sign of obedience and emblem of betrayal, the gallows of persecution and the banner of victory.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you raised up in our sisters and brothers killed, burned alive, throats slit and decapitated by barbarous blades amid cowardly silence.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in the faces of children, of women and people, worn out and fearful, who flee from war and violence and who often only find death and many Pilates who wash their hands.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in those filled with knowledge and not with the spirit, scholars of death and not of life, who instead of teaching mercy and life, threaten with punishment and death, and who condemn the just.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in unfaithful ministers who, instead of stripping themselves of their own vain ambitions, divest even the innocent of their dignity.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in the hardened hearts of those who easily judge others, with hearts ready to condemn even to the point of stoning, without ever recognizing their own sins and faults.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in expressions of fundamentalism and in terrorist acts committed by followers of some religions which profane the name of God and which use the holy name to justify their unprecedented violence.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in those who wish to remove you from public places and exclude you from public life, in the name of a pagan laicism or that equality you yourself taught us.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in the powerful and in arms dealers who feed the cauldron of war with the innocent blood of our brothers and sisters, and give their children blood-soaked bread to eat.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in traitors who, for thirty pieces of silver, would consign anyone to death.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in thieves and corrupt officials who, instead of safeguarding the common good and morals, sell themselves in the despicable market-place of immorality.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in the foolish who build warehouses to store up treasures that perish, leaving Lazarus to die of hunger at their doorsteps.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in the destroyers of our “common home”, who by their selfishness ruin the future of coming generations.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in the elderly who have been abandoned by their families, in the disabled and in children starving and cast-off by our egotistical and hypocritical society.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas which have become insatiable cemeteries, reflections of our indifferent and anesthetized conscience.

O Cross of Christ, image of love without end and way of the Resurrection, today too we see you in noble and upright persons who do good without seeking praise or admiration from others.

O Cross of Christ, we, too, see you in ministers who are faithful and humble, who illuminate the darkness of our lives like candles that burn freely in order to brighten the lives of the least among us.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in the faces of consecrated women and men – good Samaritans – who have left everything to bind up, in evangelical silence, the wounds of poverty and injustice.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in the merciful who have found in mercy the greatest expression of justice and faith.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in simple men and women who live their faith joyfully day in and day out, in filial observance of your commandments.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in the contrite, who in the depths of the misery of their sins, are able to cry out: Lord, remember me in your kingdom!

O Cross of Christ, we, too, see you in the blessed and the saints who know how to cross the dark night of faith without ever losing trust in you and without claiming to understand your mysterious silence.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in families that live their vocation of married life in fidelity and fruitfulness.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in volunteers who generously assist those in need and the downtrodden.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in those persecuted for their faith who, amid their suffering, continue to offer an authentic witness to Jesus and the Gospel.

O Cross of Christ, today too we see you in those who dream, those with the heart of a child, who work to make the world a better place, ever more human and just.

In you, Holy Cross, we see God who loves even to the end, and we see the hatred of those who want to dominate, that hatred which blinds the minds and hearts of those who prefer darkness to light.

O Cross of Christ, Arc of Noah that saved humanity from the flood of sin, save us from evil and from the Evil One.  O Throne of David and seal of the divine and eternal Covenant, awaken us from the seduction of vanity!  O cry of love, inspire in us a desire for God, for goodness and for light.

O Cross of Christ, teach us that the rising of the sun is more powerful than the darkness of night.  O Cross of Christ, teach us that the apparent victory of evil vanishes before the empty tomb and before the certainty of the Resurrection and the love of God which nothing can defeat, obscure or weaken.  Amen!

Pope Francis